Neandertal habitats reflected their nomadic way of life: mobile, light and adaptable to a given environment.
These dwellings didn’t leave many archaeological traces because the materials used for the construction, such as wood and skins, quickly decomposed. However, when it was bone or stones which were used for the constructions, then it is possible to understand how they were built.
The La Folie site in France revealed an uncovered habitat consisting of a wooden fence held vertically together by stones. Daily activities were carried out here: making tools, maintaining a home, resting, etc.
The Molodova site in Ukraine has revealed that Neandertals used mammoth bones in the structure of their habitat. This was as an alternative to wood, which is rare in steppe regions.
Caves also offered shelter on the circuits of these nomads as well as being places of burial or where symbolic practices took place.