The Neandertals


This adult mammoth skeleton was discovered in 1860 in Lier (Belgium).
It has been exhibited since 1869 at the Museum of Natural Sciences in Brussels.
It is dated to about 35,000 years old.

Nomadic hunter-gatherers

Two million years ago, humans became rapidly taller, changing the relationship between hominins and their environment.

Physically stronger and better equipped technologically, human populations acquired a new way of life which was mainly based on the predation of large herbivorous mammals.

Game hunting implies a greater mobility as the seasonal migrations of herds are followed. A true nomadic lifestyle started to take place, leading to a slow dispersion of humans to all continents and giving them access to very varied environments, which were sometimes extreme.

Different regions of the world give different constraints to hunters. For the Neandertals, who were occupying Eurasia, game resources were plentiful whilst the environmental conditions were often harsh.